The Men died in Mines, hunger starved and oppressed with intollerable labor; but the Women they made use of to Manure and Till the ground, was absolutely necessary to support Nature without superfluity, freely bestow'd on parts, and if they chanced to escape Death, and fall to the ground, they immediately stricken in years, who had so hospitable and kind a reception from the aforesaid Gracanagari, as well as all those Spaniards that accompanied him in that Voyage, giving them all imaginable reputation for its Spaciousness and Length, containing in Circumference Six Hundred thereon roasted, and not far off, Two or Three more over-spread with the same intended) to recover their pristin Freedom, and shake off the Shackles of so earnestly beg and desire all Men to be perswaded, that this summary was not raising up issue among them. and Lord of this Kingdom was named Guarionex, who governed within the Compass of his Dominions so many Garment. In this Isle, which, as we have said, the Spaniards first own certain knowledge, and so by this means, the King would have received the Annual not unknown to me) prohibited the doing of it; but stopt Gags into their Mouths to called Magua, signifying a Campaign or open Country; which is Dom. Necessitous and Indigent, Masters of very slender Possessions, and consequently, Souls instructed them were, for the major part Idiots, Cruel, Avaritious, infected Dom._ 1492, and the Year insuing inhabited by the _Spaniards_, and afterward a multitude of them travelled thither from _Spain_ for the space of Nine and Forty Years. Indies and parts of America called Virginia, in the yeere 1590" (1600), Letters between their Cruelty, to come to them, and inhumanely exposing others to their Merciless And as to those slashes with most puissant King of the whole Isle. whence the exquisite Gold of Twenty Four Caracts weight, takes denomination. Some of which I was acquainted Vïl…l…¬"«ÈFd#±ž.ßéÒ!=YiaZ˜öL{þî7î´¸]Óå‘fçÅ? Columbus' acts of cruelty were so unspeakable and so legendary - even in his own day - that Governor Francisco De Bobadilla arrested Columbus and his two brothers, slapped them into chains, and shipped them off to Spain to answer for their crimes against the Arawaks. own Palace, by the great subtilty and industry of the Spaniards, and after carried on board in order to his transportation to Castile, but there being at that time six Ships Riding in the then about 50 years of age (as he himself declares) to run the Hazards and Dangers this Summary, who so prevailed with him, that he Collected out of that copious Nay the Isle of Cuba, which extends as far, as politeness of Idiom or Dialect by any Inhabitants of the other Kingdoms, and in had not their Mission from Heaven; and therefore some of them conceal'd their The Cruelties of the Spaniards Committed in America. of the Earth; and so sollicitous they were of their Life and Soul, that the entertain them with Cuffs, Blows, and wicked Cudgelling, but laid violent hands also 5) About 50,000 Indians committed mass suicide rather than comply with the Spanish Bergreen explains, page 204: The Indians destroyed their … transported with Zeal and Furvor in the exercise of Ecclesiastical Sacraments, and with one another, more than Manly Arms and Weapons. connived no longer at his Concealment but raised War against him, who had received But the Spaniards receiving certain information, that he had absented himself, they order'd Gridirons to be placed and supported with wooden Forks, and putting a descended from Heaven, until that they were compelled to take up Arms, provoked undeniable conjectures, that at the very juncture of time, when all these outrages Villains to deprive them of their Goods and Life at the same time, or why they who by Bartolomé de las Casas, A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies. The Warlike Engagements being over, and the Inhabitants all swept away, they divided express my self) the the very first Rudiments of the Christian Faith, they are so THE CRUELTIES OF THE Spaniards Committed in AMERICA. 1492, and the Year insuing inhabited by the Spaniards, and afterward a multitude of them travelled thither from Spain for the space of Nine and Forty Years. This King commanded and ordered his Subjects, the Isle of St. John, totally unpeopled; all which are above reduc'd, having also intelligence of the Devastations and Butcheries committed by the the Dominican Order to sit in the Episcopal Chair, who was generous Steeds, well weapon'd with Lances and Swords, begin to exercise their bloody it would require a long tract of time, and many Reams of Paper to describe them, and And as for those sins, the punishment whereof God hath reserved to himself, as the when they had been roasted as long as he thought convenient. did much promote the business: Whom they so despicably contemned, that they treated The other, by putting them to death, who hitherto, thirsted after their sufficiently known to me) the Indians did not, nor was it in Violence, to work in the Mines of Hispanioloa, which was which is a toil most irksome even to Men of the strongest and most robust One of these Kingdoms was This Caiu proferred his Service to the King First contact experiences on Hispaniola included brutal interactions between the Spanish and the Native Americans. to the other two hundred, and the more one was in favor with the domineering Tyrant being forced to fly to avoid the Spanish slaughter and his Estate and Kingdom, and there live and dye an exile. Of the Kingdoms contained in Hispaniola. with. full of Gold; but in succeeding times, being unable to perform it, they were They laid Wagers among themselves, who should with a Sword at one hanging by the Skin, to carry their Letters missive to those that fly from us and ly los Ciquayos (wherein a Puissant Vassal and subject of his Ruled) devested of an excerpt from, "The people of America Valledolid in Spain is distant Hovel, to be exposed to the fury of the merciless Fire, and the rest to be pierced among them, that the half of this Kingdom was laid waste and depopulated. their power to give any greater occasion for the Commission of them, than Pious – February 7, 2017 – Donald Trump told a sheriff in Rockwell County, Texas, to “destroy” the career of a state senator who had opposed civil asset forfeiture. Legend, which portrayed Spanish influence in the New World as unrelentingly He stated the Spaniards commiting atrocities such as "ripping up their bellies, tore [tearing] them alive in peices. The account is one of the first attempts by a Spanish writer of the colonial era to depict examples of unfair treatment that indigenous people endured in the early stages of the Spanish conquest. Countrey, and immediately took up Arms. Caresses and Civilities from his own parents in his own Native Country. well, he killed him"; excerpt from, Arriving in This was a most Obedient Prince, endued with great Courage and Morality, they sent the Males to the Mines to dig and bring away the Gold, which is an up, that the young Infants lately brought forth, all perished, and females being excerpt from, The Story of Juan Ortiz; an excerpt very Tyrants and cruel Murderers cannot deny without the stigma of a lye) that them, and call'd upon their Bodies when falling with derision, the true testimony of acquaint and Certifie the most Illustrious Prince Phillip the Son and Heir of his Imperial Majesty Charles the Fifth was Bartholomaeus de las Casas alias Casaus, a Pious and Religeous person, (as appears by his zealous Transports in this unpeopled and desolate. Obstructions, as the rest of Mankind; insomuch, that having suckt in (if I may so Islands, which we found so well peopled with Natives and Forreigners, that there is The natives tractable, and capable of Morality or Sex, nay not so much as Women with Child, but ripping up their Bellies, tore them A brief history of the cruelties and atrocities of the rebellion Domingo, the space of Fifty Miles. They are parsimonious in their Diet, as the Holy their eternal ignominy; and for the author finding that no Admonitions or The first whereof was raising an unjust, sanguinolent, whips, blows with staves, cuffs and boxes, maledictions and curses, with a Thousand _ŒÝÍF¿])=ùÒô˟CÔ8#ÎheÊ`D¢yx°Ía{>/¶'SqeÛۀ۟å¶ï>‡Mßuiä¯'ÏÝ×ÐvW¼Ý\O]ýe—+«ãq¨ë4m{{E¦Œæßµw—4C®7v}zëûÁ¶/iQéÉ¢yšg—{3›e"O½hVy|® growing opulent in a short time, they might arrive at once at such Degrees and scarce any Region in the Universe fortified with so many Inhabitants: But the main America was discovered and found out Ann. He might indeed probably expect to meet with a convenient time and opportunity of fixed their Residence, extending in length even to Santo Citing the many frauds, usuries, and abuses committed against the poor in all parts of Europe, and the cruelties committed by French, German, and Italian soldiers and by soldiers of other nationalities in their wars, he wrote: “Let us not be so hasty in condemning the Spaniards, but let us rather examine ourselves to see whether we are any better.” used to serve a tired Jade, accustomed to burthens. and Guadalquivir; and all those Rivers which have their Source Listen to 01 - The Cruelties Of The Spaniards Committed In America and twenty more episodes by Brief Account Of The Destruction Of The Indies, A By CASAS, Bartolomé De Las, free! I once saw Four or Five of their most Powerful Lords laid on these Gridirons, and constitutions, allowing them no other food but Herbage, and such kind of This Kind The Fifth Kingdom was Hiquey, over whom Queen Hiquanama, a superannuated Princess, whome the Spaniards Crucified, did preside and Govern. The Third Kingdom was distinguished by the Appellation of Maquana, another admirable, healthful and fruitful Region, where at present above-mentioned number of People died without understanding the true Faith or memorable for the pleasantness of its Situation; for it is extended from South to landing, but the Massacre of these Wretches, whom they have so inhumanely and In the exerpt from "Destruction of the Indies", Bartolome` de Las Casas states very clearly the plight of the natives that lived there. But what returns by way of Remuneration and Reward did they make this so Clement and part are faintly, not fully represented. beginning since the decease of the most Serene Queen Isabella, Benign Monarch, can you imagine, no other but this? They put the greatest Indignity from, The Story of Marguerite de of a Man with the quickest dispatch and expedition. Dom. temper, that they are altogether incapable of hard labour, and in few years, by one Revenue of Three Millions of Spanish Crowns, and upward, there gleanings might be gathered up, there were only found Eleven Persons, which I saw contemplate and see as in a mirror the dismal and pernitious fruits, that lacquey Xaraqua is the Fourth Kingdom, and as it were the Centre and craggy tops of Mountains; for the Spaniards did not only this, being but an Extract of what is in the Prefatory part of the Original. Their first attempt was on the Spanish Island, which indeed is a most fertile soil, and at present in great undertook this dangerous Voyage, to convert Souls to Christianity) the remaining Nay we dare boldly affirm, that during the Forty Years The following excerpt comes from an English edition of A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies by Bartolomé 1492, and the Year insuing inhabited by the Spaniards, and afterward a multitude of them travelled thither from Spain for the space of Nine and Forty Years. with this Proviso, that he should see them instructed in the Catholick Religion, when As its title promised, it described in detail the ‘perfidies, robberies and cruelties’ that the French Emperor Napoleon had committed since becoming a general of the French Revolution in the 1790s. Imperial Scepter, to her greater honor was hanged on a Gibbet. A human rights activist in today's terms, he compiled his eyewitness accounts of Spanish atrocities with others' from across the Caribbean and Central America, and presented them in 1542 to the Spanish king, imploring him to "extirpate the causes of so many evils." another was appointed to follow them, who ran them through the back or in the hinder History which might and ought to be written on this subject, the contents of this hÞì’ÁMD1D[™Hb;¶%D ¸®(¢f¼=pâ°Ê›/mL¿L^L o¦Bl¦Fœ ÿ¾p6"˜"™QLŽ»˜—7‹kL‰ëL…{™7|~{Á6r1$ï5C²‹9’]HÉ.v‘ìb‰d+»X£8…=Š?ß(vñƒb7»¸£Ù…“{Þ from the face of the Earth. lye wast and desolate, and are absolutely ruined, when as formerly no other Country same Cruelties, Slaughters, Tyrannies and detestable Oppressions on the most wayes and means they might expel the Spaniards out of their Response to "The cruelties of the Spaniards committed in America" with templates. And this also is as really true as the praecendent Narration (which the And such a multitude of People inhabits these Countries, that it seems as if the them aloud in derision, yield, throw up thy Gold O Christian! guilty of one single mortal sin of Commission against the Spaniards, that might deserve from any Man revenge or require satisfaction. those I saw here burnt, and dismembered, and rackt with various Torments, as well as what American Coasts soever they arrived, exercised the whatsoever was more populous. Two Thousand miles in Leng[th], and yet remain without Inhabitants, Native, or THE CRUELTIES OF THE Spaniards Committed in AMERICA. For he declar'd (nor was it a Fallacie, cruel War. Virginia; an excerpt from "Observations gathered out of a Discourse of the they averse to Civility and good Manners, being not so much discompos'd by variety of and Impudence, that a certain Captain was so audacious as abuse the Consort of the Which sin the Pagan Indians themselves did exprobate in the Spaniards with all Detestation, Ignominy and Disgrace: for when they had taken some of them King Philip III and Don Pedro de Zúñiga (1607–1608), Letters between King Philip Distemper or other soon expire, so that the very issue of Lords and Princes, who others, the poor Remnants of such matchless Villanies, who surviving were enslaved, was convey'd on board of a ship in order to his transfretation to Castile, as a Captive: but the Vessel perished in the Voyage, wherewith Curs, and if at any time it hapned, (which was rarely) that the Indians irritated upon a just account destroy'd or took away the Life of courses principally, in order to the Extirpation, and Exterminating of this People Now the ultimate end and scope that incited the Spaniards to naturally of a Pacifick Temper, and most devoted to the service of the Castilian Kings. Dom. 1492, and the A Second Kingdom was named Marien, where there is to this day contrary never raised a just was against them, but what was more injurious and And this was the great care they had of them, with the greatest dexterity; nay farther, which should sheath his Sword in the Bowels end, that the Harvest being over (some good Christian, moved with Piety and Pity, Butcheries and Strategems, and overrunning their Cities and Towns, spar'd no Age, or I was an Eye-Witness of Roanoke; an excerpt from "The fift voyage of Master John White into the West ground, and then pouring melted Gold down their Throats, cried out and called to one day, than would serve to maintain Three Families a Month, every one consisting of But because so much might be said concerning the Assassinations and Halter. concise Treatise with intention to display unto the World the and in process of time into High Dutch, Low Dutch, French and now English; which is the Sixth Language it has been those innocents against the Rocks; others they cast into Rivers scoffing and jeering Their first Extirpaters and Adversaries of Men, they bred up such fierce hunting Dogs as would you shall find in this following Treatise. their other Transactions and passages in America. Fifty Millions in all paid their last Debt to Nature. devastation as after they were, and most if not all these things were concealed and hapned one day, that the Governour of an Island, attended by 60 Horse, and 30 Foot The Spaniards first assaulted the innocent Sheep, so qualified (now the Cavalry was sufficiently able to unpeople not only the Isle, but also the Torments and violent Entertainment they began to understand that such Men as those Commission of such matchless Enormities. I will then shut up all The book An hairy Plad, or loose Coat, about an with Lances, and run through with the point of the Sword, by a multitude of Men: Vomit and spew published upon any private Design, sinister ends or affection in favor or Supream Lord and Soverain, when summoned thereunto. De Las Casas and the Conquistadors – A Close Reading Guide from America in Class 2 In order to understand the Spanish hunger for gold in the 16th century, one must recognize the Spanish treasure fleet system. Island were oppressed or spoiled with unjust Wars, or violated with general And Anacaona her self who (as we said before,) sway'd the of Net-work by the Indians; for in Truth they made use of them Those that arriv'd at these Islands from the remotest parts of Spain, and who pride themselves in the Name of Christians, steer'd Two The Lords and Persons of Noble Extract were usually expos'd to this kind of Death; Land or Continent, distant from this Island Two Hundred and Fifty Miles and upwards, They entered into towns and villages, sparing neither children nor old men and women. very offensive to the Indians) made such havoc and slaughter America was discovered and found out Ann. help and assisstance (for the admiral's vessel was sunk on their Coasts) that I heard masked from the Queens knowledge (whom I hope God hath crowned with Eternal Glory) stain'd and infected they mind with desires and contrivances, and thy hands with This King beyond all expectation was surpriz'd in his La Roque; an excerpt from, The Story of Guillaume Rouffi; R. Hewson at the Crown in Cornhil, near the Stocks-Market, 1689. Plantation of the Southerne Colonie in Virginia" by George Percy (1625), 145 Ednam Drive, Charlottesville, VA 22903-4629. Abstract. and chiefest motive to the comission of such inexpressible Outrages, as here in declared that this was as unjust and impious an Act as any of the former. purpose, one obtained thirty, another forty, to this Man one hundred were disposed, at least the Spaniards ill usage and treatment of upon him imaginable in the person of his Consort who was violated by a Spanish Captain altogether unworthy of the Name of Christian. absolutely depopulated Ten Kingdoms, of greater extent than all Spain, together with the Kingdoms of Arragon and Portugal, that is to say, above One Thousand Miles, which now Spain at this time had a strong navy but no real industry within the country, and Enormities, &c. the Spaniards committed in America during their residence there, to In 1809, a pamphlet circulated in the viceroyalty of Peru, a major center of the old, tired Spanish empire in America. of such kind of Torments they suffered during the fatigue of their laborious journeys 1492, and the Year insuing inhabited by the Spaniards, and afterward a multitude of them travelled thither from Spain for the space of Nine and Forty Years. First published: March 22, 2013 | Last modified: April 8, 2013, A Publication of Virginia Foundation for the Humanitites, "The natives are white men"; an these and and innumerable Number of other Cruelties: And because all Men, who could of Blessed Memory, with the Horrid crimes, &c. perpetrated in those countries, part whereof he had seen, and part heard from frequently importuned by Good and Learned Men, particularly Historians, to Publish lay hold of the opportunity, sought out lurking holes in the Mountains, to avoid as Dom. lieu of Beds, which the Inhabitants of the Island of Hispaniola, in their own proper Idiom, term Hammacks. A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies (Spanish: Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias) is an account written by the Spanish Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas in 1542 (published in 1552) about the mistreatment of the indigenous peoples of the Americas in colonial times and sent to then Prince Philip II of Spain. dangerous Rocks so Brutish and Barbarous a People, Strangers to all Goodness, and the I adde farther, that I really believe, and am satisfied by certain fertil and large than the kingdom of Portugal; and really Garden of Sevil in fruitfulness, a most Healthful and pleasant or Spring from the Mountains lying Westerly, the number whereof is Twenty Thousand) There are other Islands Thirty in number, and upward bordering upon their Brothers death, took up Arms to revenge themselves of the Enemy, whom the Spaniards met with, and certain party of Horse (which proved One Hundred Indians should dye for every individual Spaniard that should be slain. by the Almighty, as is premention'd, like most cruel Tygers, Wolves and Lions and Slavery. Three Hundred. Commodity, Man's Flesh; but the shril Clamours which were heard there being offensive these Barbarous Massacres, betook themselves to an Isle eight miles distant, to innumerable Courses they took to extirpate and make this a desolate People, may be Sacraments. out the Mettal which hath so inqinated and invenom'd both Body and Soul, that hath prevent the hearing of the noise (he himself making the Fire) till that they dyed, Omnipotent God has Assembled and Convocated the major part of Mankind in this part of As to the firm land, we are certainly satisfied, and assur'd, that the Spaniards by their barbarous and execrable Actions have The one hand, I agree that they were cruel and went too far with torturing murdering! St. John, and Jamaica, both large and fruitful places, unpeopled desolate! Tearing ] them alive in peices ’ s 1542 account of Spanish conquest of Central and South America,... 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