The stem is rough to the touch and may contain a single flower head or be branched at the apex into multiple stems with several yellow lowersf. Abundant, along with goldenrod, around the bridge and trail that leads to the Minnesota River and the Highway 77 bridge. the Henning 6/2018 post above: Yes, the leaves are relatively smooth to the touch going toward tip, and slightly rough going the other way. Most varieties are easy to grow and bloom reliably. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. scabra are more commonly grown in gardens that the species itself. Compact, clumping growth makes a perfect border accent or massed for a bold effect. Some of the common names for Heliopsis include False Sunflower and Orange Sunflower. False sunflowers (Heliopsis) are sun-loving, butterfly magnets that provide bright yellow, 2-inch flowers reliably from midsummer to early autumn.Heliopsis requires very little maintenance, but these impressive plants benefit from regular trimming and cutting back, as false sunflowers reach heights of 3 to 6 feet. Each flower has a striking mahogany colored center and is … smooth oxeye. These plants also aren't overly picky about humidity. Heliopsis helianthoides var. False sunflowers are clump-forming and tend to stay in one place, rather than spreading throughout the garden. In the fall, you can start seeds in flats or direct sow in mid- to late August. (There is the variety of H.helianthoides scabra that is barely different, but has slightly … Moreover, many varieties can get top-heavy and require staking. The upper leaf surface is medium to dark green and usually rough-textured from minute stiff hairs, while the lower leaf Re. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? helianthoides with smoother leaves found east of the Mississippi River, and var. Resembling small sunflowers, each blossom features yellow-orange rays surrounding cone-shaped brownish-yellow center disks. Upper leaves may be entire with basal leaves toothed. This is a reliable repeat bloomer, and you should have flowers from summer into fall. The ox eye sunflower plant is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 3-9, allowing most g… I dug some up and planted them by the end of my driveway. The primary pathogens that infect false sunflowers are leaf spots (Ascochyta, Cercospora, Phyllosticta and Septoria), powdery mildew and rust. I have pictures I could share. They carry large daisy / Sunflower like flowers of orange or yellow. Have these growing wild in my perennial garden - Summer 2012. They're my "Venae flowers." Flowers are 1½ to 3½ inches across, with 10 to 18 pale yellow to orange-yellow petals (ray flowers) and a golden yellow to brownish cone-shaped center disk. scabra with rough-textured leaves found in the Midwest, including Minnesota, and west of the Mississippi. The center disk becomes a head of dark seeds that lack tufts of hair. For spring, start seeds indoors four to six weeks before your last frost date. FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Summer Nights’ is an upright clumping perennial. Stems are erect, typically branched and rough from short hairs.. Dividing your plants every two to three years will keep the clumps from dying in the center. False sunflowers can thrive in a variety of soil types. These were in a mixed seed product that I spread out in a portion of my garden. Rich soil can cause a lot of leggy stem growth on false sunflowers. I like to think that she saw them in her last moment. Stems are erect, typically branched and rough from short hairs.. False sunflower Sunstruck (Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Sunstruck’) is notable for the large flowers and variegated foliage. Heliopsis is best in full sun. Sun-loving, easy to grow, hardy, heat and drought tolerant, False Sunflowers (Heliopsis helianthoides) have plenty of qualities and appeal! Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Photos of flowers (if any), leaves, leaves on stem and base of plant would be very helpful. They are a native wildflower in a large portion of North America—everywhere except for the western third of the continent. Fun and fanciful variegated foliage on a hardy, carefree perennial. As perennials, they tend to begin blooming in their second year, so a spring seedling might not flower the year it's planted. Heliopsis Description and Cultural Information. Although similar in looks, Heliopsis helianthoides is not the same as the perennial sunflower in the genus, and consequently it's been given the common name of false sunflower. Bright yellow blossoms appear in late spring and last until autumn frost takes them away. Heliopsis have traditionally been an excellent tall perennial for the middle or back of the flower border. Use this plant in combination containers, as a cut flower, or to attract butterflies to your garden. Variety scabra is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. As the season progresses, the foliage tends to green up a bit. Cultivars of var. The blades are sharply pointed and 2-5” long. They can tolerate light shade, though blooming might not be as vigorous and the stems might be floppy and require support. In general, false sunflowers don't have any serious pest or disease issues. And with powdery mildew, you’ll see splotches of white or gray on the leaves and stems. Due to their large size they make great border flowers, where their weedy leaves can be hidden. Of the plants that sprouted, these eventually dominated. Heliopsis helianthoides var. Valuable additions to the landscape with their profusion of bright golden daisies (2-3 inches wide, 5-7 cm) on display for 6 to 8 weeks all summer until early fall, they also feature a lovely foliage that is pleasant to the eye. The margins are serrated or saw-toothed. Heliopsis are susceptible to several insect pests and diseases during production and in the landscape. Plant database entry for Ox Eye (Heliopsis helianthoides var. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 15 Best Zone 8 Plants to Put In Your Garden, 13 Recommended Plants With Daisy-Like Flowers, How to Design a Garden to Attract Butterflies and Hummingbirds, Hardy Chrysanthemum (Garden Mum) Plant Profile, How to Grow and Care for False Indigo Plant (Baptisia australis), Calibrachoa (Million Bells) Plant Profile. Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights' hee-lee-OP-sis hee-lee-an-THOY-deez Audio ‘Summer Nights’ has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. (Helios was the Greek sun god.) These leaves are 2½–5" long and 1–3½" across; they are cordate-ovate, ovate, or lanceolate in shape, while their margins are coarsely serrated. Heliopsis helianthoides . Mine always attract a lot of red-colored aphids. These plants prefer full sun to grow and bloom their best. Noteworthy CharacteristicsLong-lasting cut flower. It is an easy to grow plant that flourishes in moist to dry, open woodlands, prairies, and fields. heliopsis sunflower. While not reported on the USDA map to be found in Itasca County, we have seen these in the northeastern corner of the county. Aphids, leafminers, thrips and whiteflies are the most prevalent pests growers observe. So go easy on the organic matter and fertilizer. The toothed leaf blades are oval to triangular or lance-shaped. Description. Most references describe this plant as growing up to 5 feet tall but I've come across some closer to 6 feet tall, though that is uncommon. Heliopsis helianthoides is a mouthful, but it basically means sunflower-like. Smooth Oxeye has a long blooming period, with the first blooms appearing by mid-June and the last dying out around the end of September. But the leaves of our plants seem to be smoother, less serrated then what I see here. So if you've had a stretch without rainfall and the soil is dry, be sure to water your plants. Description Heliopsis helianthoides is similar to Helianthus, the true sunflower. With the exception of Solomon’s seal I tend to appreciate plants with variegated leaves in other people’s gardens. Plus, false sunflowers make lovely cut flowers and are very attractive to hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. With aphids, you might notice crumpled or otherwise damaged foliage. 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